The thyroid is a small gland located low on the front of the neck. This gland adjusts your body’s various functions.
The thyroid gland helps balance the body. The hormones are secreted by the gland into each cell and every organ in the body.
Body temperature is regulated by this gland. In general, it maintains coordination among the organs of the body.
In people with thyroid problems, the gland may be overactive or inactive. If the gland is over-operated (hyperthyroidism) or does not work enough (hypothyroidism), problems arise in the body.
Thyroid symptoms are similar to many other problems. Thyroid problems, including hypothyroidism, may not be detected by tests. Symptoms vary from person to person so it’s difficult to diagnose.
According to an American Thyroid Association research, one in 8 women gets thyroid disorders during their life.
Besides, the probability of developing thyroid problems in women is 5 to 8 times more than men. 10 to 20 percent of women at the age of thirty experience thyroid problems.
Thyroid problems should be treated. Because a lack of timely treatment of this problem can damage other organs of the body. Therefore, knowing the thyroid symptoms is especially important for women.
Symptoms of thyroid problems
The most common symptoms of thyroid problems include:
- Weight gain or weight loss: Usually If thyroid activity is low (hypothyroidism), all activities in the body are reduced and many women become overweight because of this. But with the development of hyperthyroidism, many of the body’s functions are rapidly increasing. This problem can cause weightloss unreasonably. This problem can have a bad impact on the body, especially the heart.
- Blood pressure abnormalities: The thyroid hormone is associated with the heart. Therefore, it affects the speed and rhythm of the heart. For people with hypothyroidism, the heart rate slows down, which affects the organs and functions of the body. In the hyperthyroidism, heart rate gets faster.
- Fatigue: In people with Hypothyroidism, the balance and control of energy are lower and fatigue increases. Also in hyperthyroidism, fatigue increases and this problem prevents your body from being balanced.
- Changes in the mood: This problem occurs in both hypertension and hypothyroidism. Symptoms of thyroid problems include depression, anxiety, and irritability.
- Thyroid usually affects your menstrual cycle. Disorders of the thyroid usually cause irregularities.In some cases it slows down, and in some cases, it makes the menstrual cycle faster.
- Problems in skin and hair: One of the most common symptoms of thyroid problems is the thinning of the hair. Also, the skin and hair become very dry. The hair is also become fragile and abnormal.
- Memory problems: Hypothyroidism usually causes a decrease in brain function. People with this problem feel they have mental problems. This feeling also leads to changes in mood and depression.
- Changing the body temperature: Temperature changes can be a sign of thyroid problems. In hypothyroidism, people usually feel cold and feel well when they are completely warm. But people with hyperthyroidism are the opposite. They are usually overheated and sweat more than others.
- Infertility: One of the reasons for infertility is thyroid disease, according to a study by the American Thyroid Association.