In the human body, there are usually two adrenal glands. Adrenal glands have two endocrine glands.
The inner portion produces adrenaline (called epinephrine). The external part of the adrenal gland is called the cortex.
Two important steroid hormones, cortisol, and aldosterone are composed of both internal and external glands.
Cortisol stimulates the nutrients and the body’s response to inflammation changes. It also stimulates the liver to increase its sugar and helps control the body’s water content.
The amount of water and salt is regulated by ALDOSTERONE, which affects blood and blood pressure.
The hormone called adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) is responsible for regulating cortisol production.
Destruction of the entire adrenal gland leads to Addison’s disease or primary adrenal insufficiency. Primary adrenal insufficiency results in severe cortisol and aldosterone deficiency.
The symptoms in each person may vary. Some of the most common symptoms of adrenal insufficiency include decreased appetite, weight loss, muscle weakness, prolonged fatigue, low blood pressure, nausea and diarrhea, Joint pains, Colds, low sugar levels, menstrual irregularity, and decreased libido.
The symptoms of adrenal insufficiency appear slowly over time. Therefore, they may be ignored or confused with other illnesses.
Symptoms may appear in the form of an adrenal crisis for the first time. If you usually feel tired or weak and lose weight, you should see your doctor. Ask him/her to check for adrenal insufficiency.
If the adrenal insufficiency is not treated, it may lead to problems such as severe abdominal pain, kidney failure, shock, low blood pressure, and severe weakness.
Usually, these symptoms are similar to other physical problems. Therefore it is better to refer to a specialist to diagnose this problem. Timely visits to the doctor and early treatment will prevent the adrenal crisis.