Although thyroid disease usually occurs during adulthood, it is also possible in infants and children. It is difficult to diagnose this problem in children because many patterns of child growth are constantly changing.
One of the most common thyroid problems is congenital hypothyroidism at birth. By mentioning the symptoms of thyroid disease, you can ask the pediatrician to prescribe a thyroid test for your baby.
Thyroid problems affect on growth, the mood of the child, and the ability to focus and learn. The most common type of thyroid disease in children is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT).
This disease usually causes hypothyroidism. Diagnosis of this disease is difficult and it may take years. Because the symptoms of hypothyroidism are slow to grow.
In the disorder of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland cells and leads to thyroid inflammation. Therefore, it gradually leads to a decrease in the level of thyroid hormones.
Thyroid problems in children are usually diagnosed by an endocrine disrupter. Therefore, if you see the symptoms of this disease in your children, it is better to consult with a doctor.
Hypothyroidism in children
In hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient thyroid hormone. Children who have this problem have the following symptoms:
- Slow and low growth
- Dry skin
- Cold intolerance
- Fatigue and energy loss
- More sleep
- Bruises easily
- Maturity latency
Overweight Children are usually shorter than their peers due to thyroid problems.
Hyperthyroidism in children
The excessive production of thyroid hormones causes this problem. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism in children are:
- Irritability and easy crying
- Short notice range
- Increased appetite
- Delayed eyelid
- Weight Loss
- Large thyroid gland (goiter)
- Excessive sweating
- Muscle weakness
- High blood pressure
- Twinkle repeatedly
The diagnosis of thyroid problems is usually done with blood tests to monitor hormones.