One of the common side effects of hypothyroidism is overweight and obesity. Women suffer from this problem more than men. The thyroid produces T3 and T4 hormones.
The thyroid gland is working with TSH or thyroid-stimulating hormone. This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain.
People with hypothyroidism have difficulty in weight loss. That’s why Hypothyroidism produces fat. Besides, it increases insulin resistance. Therefore, this problem ultimately increases the weight and susceptibility to diabetes.
Supplements and proper diet
Drug supplements can be used to treat this problem. But it’s better to consult your physician before using these supplements. The most effective method is to use a proper diet and exercise to regulate metabolism and burn calories.
In overweight individuals with hypothyroidism, levels of T3 and T4 are reduced. One of the supplements that can balance T3, T4 and TSH levels is zinc. Therefore with zinc intake, the thyroid hormone level is adjusted. Besides, the body can burn more calories.
A diet containing whole grains, ginger, walnuts, lamb, cow, turkey and sardines, sunflower seeds, milk, and yogurt are zinc-rich. This diet regulates appetite and blood glucose; and also prevents overweight.
Another key element in thyroid regulation is selenium. Selenium deficiency causes weight gain. Selenium-based enzymes and proteins help regulate thyroid hormones. Additionally, selenium plays an important role in regulating thyroid hormones in tissues and blood.
Additionally, selenium acts as an antioxidant to control free radicals in the body. Foods including mushrooms, seagrass, legumes, sunflower seeds, eggs, buttermilk, and soy are rich in selenium.
Selenium is required in small quantities every day. The recommended amount is 55 micrograms per day for healthy and adult people. It is advisable to consult your doctor about using them.
Iodine is also useful for the health of the thyroid, but its incorrect use can damage the thyroid. It’s better to focus on foods containing zinc and selenium. Because many of these foods also contain iodine.
It is also best to limit the use of high-glycemic foods such as refined flour, cookies, pastries, enriched desserts, etc. These foods increase the amount of glucose in your blood, which converts to fat.
It is useful to avoid taking salted nuts, salting crackers, sauces, and pickling. Avoid fried foods and drinks such as beverages, coffee, and tea. Instead, replace healthy fruits and drinks, such as lemon juice.
The only use of a proper diet may not completely overcome the problem of overweight. It’s better to take regular exercise in your daily schedule. It is recommended that adults have an average physical activity of at least 2.5 hours per week.
Some researchers have been recommending more than 30 minutes of daily workouts. Among the physical activities, resistance training is also recommended.
In addition to the above, it is recommended to avoid tension and stress, as it leads to overeating. Stress increases cortisol levels and hunger and also decreases insulin levels. By focusing on deep breathing, you can help manage, reduce stress and get calm.