One of the most important factors to treat hypothyroidism is to have a hypothyroidism diet plan. Physical conditions in which the thyroid hormone is not sufficiently produced are called hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is more common among women than men. Hypothyroidism diet plan helps to improve this problem faster.
Thyroid hormones help in growth and metabolism. For this reason, people with hypothyroidism have symptoms in their bodies. Fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, and a cold feel are the most important symptoms of hypothyroidism.
Causes of hypothyroidism
The thyroid gland holds the storage of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones affect almost every cell in the body. The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormones into the bloodstream after receiving a signal called TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone).
But thyroid hormones may not be released by the thyroid gland. This problem is called hypothyroidism. The reason may be that the thyroid gland is mistakenly attacked by the immune system.
Factors such as genetic disorder, drug use, and iodine deficiency can also lead to hypothyroidism. In other cases, the thyroid gland may not get enough TSH.
Thyroid hormones help control the body’s growth and metabolism. Therefore, these hormones are very important.
Body temperature and fat burning rate are affected by metabolism. For this reason, people with Hypothyroidism usually feel tired and cold. Besides, they are easily overweight.
Impact of hypothyroidism on metabolism
One of the tasks of the thyroid hormone is to control the rate of metabolism. As the metabolism speeds up, it burns more calories during rest.
People with hypothyroidism produce less thyroid hormone. That is, they have a slower metabolism. Therefore, they burn fewer calories at rest.
Importance of the hypothyroidism diet plan
Most doctors treat hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone replacement medications. Diet alone cannot cure hypothyroidism. However, a proper hypothyroidism diet plan can be effective in controlling and managing it.
Foods that contain nutrients like iodine, selenium, and zinc can help maintain thyroid function. It is advisable to limit certain foods containing soybeans and goitrogens.
Because these foods interfere with normal thyroid function. Some foods also interfere with thyroid replacement medications.
In people with hypothyroidism, a healthy diet should be used to prevent weight gain. Changing your diet can help improve the lives of these people.
Foods to eat in hypothyroidism
Many nutrients lead to thyroid health. So what to eat with underactive thyroid diet? Following are some of these important nutrients:
Iodine is one of the essential minerals for the production of thyroid hormones. Therefore, iodine deficiency may lead to hypothyroidism. Iodine deficiency is very common among people.
Adding iodized salt to your meals can help eliminate the problem of iodine deficiency. Besides, you can consume foods containing iodine such as fish, dairy and eggs.
Our body can absorb iodine sufficiently through foods so no iodine supplements are needed. Some studies have shown that an overdose of iodine can damage the thyroid gland.
Selenium helps to activate the thyroid hormones in the body and then these hormones are used by the body. Besides, It can be considered as an antioxidant.. Antioxidants help protect the thyroid gland from molecules called free radicals.
Some foods containing selenium include tuna, sardines, eggs, oatmeal, and nuts. The addition of selenium-containing foods to the diet helps improve thyroid function.
It is better to avoid taking selenium supplements. Supplements contain selenium in high doses and selenium may be toxic in large quantities. Take selenium supplements only with your doctor’s prescription.
Like selenium, zinc helps the body to activate thyroid hormones. Besides, zinc can help regulate TSH in the body.
Iodine deficiency is less common in developed countries. However, if you have hypothyroidism, use foods high in zinc. Some foods high in zinc include clams, beef, and chicken.
More thyroid healing foods
Many foods are suitable for people with hypothyroidism. These foods should be included in the hypothyroidism diet plan:
- Meat: All meats, including beef, mutton, poultry, etc.
- Eggs: All eggs are high in iodine and selenium. Egg whites are also high in protein.
- Fish: All kinds of seafood including salmon, tuna, halibut, shrimp and so on.
- Seeds: Rice, chia seeds, quinoa, buckwheat and so on.
- Dairy: All dairy products including milk, yogurt, cheese and so on.
- Vegetables: All vegetables are good. Cruciferous vegetables should be moderately cooked.
- Fruits: Fruits such as bananas, tomatoes, oranges and so on.
- Vegetables: All vegetables are good. Cruciferous vegetables should be used in moderation and cooked.
- Fruits: Fruits such as bananas, tomatoes, oranges and so on.
- Drinks: Water and other non-caffeine drinks.
Patients with hypothyroidism should eat a diet high in vegetables, fruits, and meat without fat. Fewer calories help prevent weight gain.
Foods to avoid in hyperthyroidism diet plan
Some nutrients may be harmful to people with hypothyroidism:
These compounds may cause thyroid dysfunction. You should know that many foods contain goitrogens. Some of these foods include:
- Vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, spinach and so on.
- Starchy fruits and herbs like sweet potatoes, peaches, strawberries and so on.
- Some soy foods.
- Nuts and seeds like millet, peanuts and so on.
These foods are very good for health. Therefore, people with hypothyroidism can still use them in moderation. Scientists believe that eating too much of these foods can affect hormones. Besides, the cooking process also disables the effects of goiter.
It is therefore advisable for people with hypothyroidism to avoid using goitrogens. However, this is mostly for people with iodine deficiency or taking large amounts of goitrogens.
Gluten is a type of protein found in grains such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is harmful to people with celiac disease. The body of these people mistakenly attacked it and cause damage to the intestine.
Some people with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may also develop celiac disease. People with this problem may need to remove gluten from their diet to improve their symptoms.
Excessive consumption of fiber impairs absorption thyroid hormone medications. It is recommended to use a good amount of fiber in your daily diet. Ask your doctor how much fiber you should consume daily.
But you should not stop eating fiber completely. Fiber is found in foods such as beans, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Just avoid overdosing. When eating fiber-containing foods, it is advisable to wait a few hours after taking thyroid medication.
According to some researchers, soy may disrupt the way the thyroid hormone is produced in the body. In some people, drinking too much soy may cause severe hypothyroidism.
This condition improves after stopping drinking and taking thyroid hormone replacement medications. Foods including soy milk, soy sauce, tofu, miso, and edamame contain soy.
Iron and calcium
These two minerals may disrupt in the absorption of thyroid hormone drugs. Foods that contain iron and calcium are usually safe. Therefore, avoid taking supplements.
Too much alcohol can damage your liver. The liver’s job is to break down drugs like the thyroid hormone to get them out of the body.
Consult your physician to determine if alcohol is harmful to you. Even the amount you can drink can be determined by your doctor.
There are very few foods that people with hypothyroidism should avoid. Foods containing goitrogens should be cooked well and not over-consumed.
Besides, avoid consuming high-calorie foods. This is usually the case for foods that are highly processed. Consuming such foods is harmful to people with hypothyroidism. Because they easily increase the weight of such people.
The list of foods and supplements that should be completely avoided are as follows:
- Supplements: Overdose of selenium and iodine can damage the thyroid. Iodine and selenium should be used in moderation. For selenium and iodine supplements, it is better to be prescribed by your doctor.
- All types of millet.
- Processed foods: donuts, cakes, cookies, fast food, hot dogs and more.
Foods to avoid with thyroid medication
Some foods and supplements may lessen the effectiveness of thyroid medications. The following medications and supplements may impair thyroid hormone uptake:
- Iron Supplements
- Calcium supplements
- Acid reducers or antacids
- Foods full of iodine
It is recommended that people taking thyroid medications and supplements consult their physicians about food.
Foods that should be used in moderation
Some foods should also be used in moderation. These foods contain goitrogens. Goitrogens are known as irritants if overdosed. It is better to include the following foods in moderation in your hypothyroidism diet plan:
- Soyfoods: soy milk, tempeh, edamame beans, tofu and so on.
- Foods containing gluten: beer, pasta, bread, cereals and so on.
- Vegetables like cabbage, kale, spinach, broccoli and so on.
- Some fruits: pears, strawberries, and peaches.
- Some drinks: alcohol, coffee and green tea. These drinks may stimulate the thyroid gland.
In patients with celiac disease or people who are upset about eating gluten, it is better to avoid whole foods containing gluten.
7 day hypothyroidism diet plan
The most appropriate diet for hypothyroidism is a diet containing large amounts of fruits and vegetables, Fat-free proteins and moderate carbohydrates. Here’s a week-long diet plan for the person with hypothyroidism.
It is recommended that you take your thyroid medication along with this diet plan as directed by your doctor. Some nutrients, such as iron, calcium, and fiber, may stop the proper absorption of the thyroid drug. Therefore, it’s better to consult your doctor.
Breakfast: Frittata with vegetables.
Lunch: Grilled chicken salad with pumpkin beans.
Dinner: grilled shrimp with bell peppers and pineapple.
Breakfast: Chopped eggs with cheddar cheese or gluten-free toast.
Lunch: Bean soup with whole or gluten-free bran bread.
Dinner: salmon with cooked vegetables.
Breakfast: Oatmeal with berries
Lunch: Chicken salad sandwich with wheat or gluten-free bread.
Dinner: beef with vegetables and brown rice
Breakfast: Banana and berry smoothie
Lunch: salad with grilled shrimp
Dinner: beans with grilled chicken
Breakfast: Omelette with mushrooms, zucchini, and cheese
Lunch: Canned tuna with whole wheat bread or gluten-free
Dinner: Beef fajitas with peppers and onions with corn tortillas
Breakfast: fried chicken and vegetables with rice
Lunch: fortified cereal with yogurt and fruit
Dinner: brown rice and vegetables with fried crab
Breakfast: Gluten-free bread or whole wheat bread with eggs
Lunch: salad with Grilled steak
Dinner: Fish cooked and tasted with lemon, thyme and black pepper along with steamed vegetables.
Tips for hypothyroidism and weight loss
Hypothyroidism can reduce a person’s metabolism. Therefore, people with hypothyroidism become overweight faster than other people. Here are some tips to help maintain a healthy weight in hypothyroidism:
- Take Care of Your Eating: Take care of the volume of food you eat and the speed of your eating. Determine the purpose of eating. This can help build a better relationship with food. These measures are effective in weight loss.
- Use a low to medium carbohydrate diet: Low to medium carbohydrate volume is very effective in maintaining a healthy weight in people with hypothyroidism.
But pay attention you should not remove carbs completely from your diet. Because carbohydrate removal reduces thyroid hormone levels.
- Eat a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat proteins. Fewer calories can help maintain a healthy weight.
- Get enough rest: Sleep at least 8 hours a day. Sleeping less than 8 hours may increase fat, especially in the abdomen.
- Regular aerobic exercise helps boost metabolism. Therefore, by doing regular exercise you can have a balanced weight. Doing more will also improve your energy and sleep.
- Doing Yoga and Meditation Exercises: Yoga and meditation exercises help you reduce your stress. Therefore, it improves your overall health. These exercises help maintain a healthy weight.
Hypothyroidism is a problem that affects about 2% of people worldwide. This problem usually has symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain and feeling cold.
Hypothyroidism weakens metabolism. Therefore, it increases weight. This problem can be treated with hormone replacement drugs.
Fortunately, symptoms can be reduced by eating the right nutrients and taking medications. By reducing these symptoms, the thyroid function improves. Nutrients such as iodine, selenium, and zinc are very useful for the thyroid.
Using a proper thyroid diet can minimize symptoms. Eating unhealthy, low-fat foods and low-fat protein can improve thyroid function. Therefore, this diet is very effective in keeping a healthy weight.
When faced with a condition such as hypothyroidism, it cannot be controlled using diet plan alone.
Start treatment with your doctor. He can help you identify the right foods. Foods that do not interfere with medications or other problems. You can also see a nutritionist. A nutritionist can help you make the right diet.