Hormones play a key role in our overall health. They can have a huge impact on both our emotions and our appearance. Some common problems like depression, acne and hair loss in women can be related to it. But how to treat hormonal imbalance?
This article provides a comprehensive review of the causes, symptoms, tests and treatments for hormone imbalances. Also some natural remedies will be offered to solve this problem.
Then we’ll talk about hormone imbalances in certain conditions like pregnancy and menopause, and finally, we’ll look at its association with hair loss and acne.
1. What does hormonal imbalance mean?
The hormones in the body play an important role in our lives and our habits. Regulating appetite, sleep patterns, reproduction and sexual desire, growth, Metabolism, heart rate, temperament and body temperature are affected by hormones.
Now, imagine a balance between hormones wiped out. Hormone imbalance may occur in the body if there is less or too much of a hormone. Because of the very important role of hormones in the body, a small imbalance of hormones can disrupt the whole body. So it is important to know how to treat hormonal imbalance when it occurs.
Hormones are chemicals that are produced by the glands in your endocrine system. These chemicals send messages to the organs of the body through the bloodstream. Hormones control the entire body processes by sending these messages.
Some levels of hormones may change naturally throughout your life. While other changes may occur due to problems of endocrine glands.
Hormone imbalances may affect a wide range of important processes and functions of the body. It’s very important to know exactly how hormones work at any age, especially for women. Hormones that are usually unbalanced include cortisol and insulin, which are hormones that identify “stress” and “blood sugar”.
The effects of imbalance in hormones such as insulin, steroids, growth hormone and adrenaline in men and women may be the same. Women often have an imbalance in estrogen and progesterone hormones, but men are more likely to be unbalanced in testosterone hormones.
2. Causes of hormonal imbalance
Hormonal imbalances can have different causes. Some conditions may cause changes in the glands and hormones and harm them. The most common causes of hormonal imbalances include:
- Hyperthyroidism or overactivity of the thyroid gland
- Hypothyroidism or low activity of the thyroid gland
- Types of diabetes
- Severe stresses
- Endocrine is damaged
- Chemotherapy for cancer
- Pituitary gland tumor
- hormone therapy
- Hyperglycemia or Excessive glucose in the bloodstream
- Cushing syndrome or high levels of cortisol
- Hypogonadism or reduction or absence of hormone secretion
- Inflammation of the thyroid or Thyroiditis
- Benign tumors and cysts
- Allergic infections
Some common causes of hormone imbalance in women include:
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome or PCOS
- birth control pills and medications
- breast feeding
3. Symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women
Disorders and imbalances of hormones have many symptoms. Hormone imbalance symptoms depend on the hormones and glands that have been affected and not working properly. The most common signs of hormone imbalance include:
- Excessive weight gain
- Excessive body sweating
- Lack of libido
- depression and anxiety
- Unreasonable fatigue
- Thinning, fragile and hair loss
- Decreased muscle volume
- Changes in blood pressure
- Changes in appetite and digestive problems
- Weak and fragile bones
- Infertility problems
4. How to treat hormonal imbalance?
Today, concerning modern lifestyle, the hormonal imbalance has become a common problem. By modifying lifestyle and diet, it can help balance hormones. In this section, we will look at how to treat hormonal imbalance problems. Common therapeutic options include:
Estrogen therapy: If you have symptoms of menopause, your doctor may prescribe a low dose of estrogen.
Thyroid hormone therapy: It is usually prescribed for people with hypothyroidism. This drug causes the level of hormones to be balanced.
Testosterone therapy: This supplement helps to improve testosterone symptoms in men. It also stimulates the onset of puberty in people with delayed puberty. This drug is available in gel, patch and injectable forms.
Anti-androgen drugs: Increasing the sex hormones of androgens in women leads to acne, hair growth, and hair loss. Using this medication reduces androgens and balances hormones in women.
Hormonal birth control: If you are planning to become pregnant, hormonal birth control helps regulate menstrual cycles. This treatment is in forms of contraceptive pill, vaginal ring, birth control shot, birth control patch, and intrauterine device (IUD).
It also helps improve other hormonal imbalances such as acne and hair loss on the face and body.
Vaginal estrogen: In women with vaginal dryness or pain during sex, a cream, pill or estrogen ring is usually prescribed.
Eflornithine: This medicine is usually prescribed for women who have hair on their faces. It is topical and reduces the speed of hair growth. But does not eliminate existing hair.
Flibanserin: For women (before menopause) which have a little libido is prescribed. It has serious side effects and you should consult your doctor before using it.
5. Natural remedies for hormonal imbalance
Many hormonal changes can be solved without the use of any drugs. One of the solutions for balancing hormones is to use foods that help regulate hormones. Using some foods can improve the health and function of your body.
Hormones are influenced by our food choices. Foods such as carbohydrates, protein and fat, plays an important role in the function of hormones and their compounds in the body. Conversely, the use of unhealthy foods such as sugar and alcohol may have negative effects on hormones, so keep modest use of these foods. But how to treat hormonal imbalance using foods? Here are some foods and lifestyle that affect hormonal regulation:
It’s important to eat the right amount of protein. The protein in foods has amino acids that the body can not produce. In order to maintain the health of bones, muscles, and skin, proteins should be used every day. In addition, hormones that control appetite food intake are affected by proteins.
Eating protein reduces the ghrelin’s hunger hormone and produces hormones such as PYY and GLP-1, which helps to make your full satiety. Experts recommend that at least 20-30 grams of protein per meal should be used to balance hormones.
One of the best foods containing protein is the egg. Eggs reduce insulin and ghrelin hormones and increase PYY. It is recommended that both egg yolks and egg white should be used for positive effects on hormones.
Fruits and vegetables
Fruits like avocado and pomegranate help to balance the hormones. Avocado controls the stress hormones and helps control your menstrual cycle hormones. Avocado also helps to stabilize estrogen and progesterone.
Pomegranate can control excess production of estrogen. This means that pomegranate is effective in preventing all types of breast cancer.
Green leafy vegetables are useful for balancing hormones. These vegetables are rich in antioxidants and reduce stress and improve cortisol levels. Vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, beet leaves contribute to the estrogen balance and are good sources of iron. Broccoli, along with many of its benefits, helps regulate the balance of hormones.
The use of fatty fish that contains large amounts of omega-3s has anti-inflammatory properties. In some fish, high levels of fat are beneficial for heart and brain and digestive system health. It also helps reduce depression and stress.
Fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines help improve hormonal balance and communication. Their use leads to a reduction in cortisol and adrenaline stress hormones. It also reduces insulin resistance, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and gestational diabetes. It is recommended to use these fatty fish two or three servings a week.
Foods rich in fiber
Fiber plays an important role in balancing hormones such as insulin and other hormones. Fiber increases insulin sensitivity and produces hormones that make you feel good. The fiber has a great effect on nutrition and appetite. The use of soluble fiber increases the level of PYY, and the use of insoluble fiber increases the level of GLP-1.
Green tea is a useful drink that contains antioxidants and metabolic health enhancers. By drinking green tea, insulin sensitivity increases and insulin levels decrease. It is therefore helpful for people with diabetes and obesity. Antioxidants in green tea are useful for stress management. So you can use this beverage to improve hormonal balance.
Avoid sugary beverages
Sugary drinks, especially in adults and children with overweight and obesity, increase insulin resistance. Sugary drinks lead to over-calorie intake and increased insulin levels, reduced insulin sensitivity, and increased abdominal fat storage.
In general, the removal of sugar from the diet can help to improve the level of hormones such as insulin. Therefore, one of the best measures to improve the balance of hormones is to refrain from sugary beverages.
There is a strong correlation between stress and the endocrine system and the level of hormones. Often Cortisol and adrenaline hormones are affected by stress.
Stress increases the levels of cortisol and stomach fat. High levels of adrenalin cause high blood pressure, heart rate, and anxiety. You can help reduce stress by using techniques like massage, relaxing music, and yoga for at least 10-15 minutes a day.
Regular exercise helps reduce appetite and regulates hormones. Having regular physical activity reduces insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and reduces metabolic syndrome.
Not having enough sleep causes many hormonal disorders, including cortisol, ghrelin, leptin, and growth hormone. It is better to have a deep sleep night. It is recommended to have at least 7 hours of sleep at night for hormonal balance.
6. When is the best time to test for hormone imbalance?
Usually, doctors do not prescribe a single test to detect hormonal imbalances. First, go to your doctor and explain your symptoms and problems. Tell him/her about the medications and vitamins that you are currently using.
Your doctor may ask you questions about the symptoms that you have seen. For example, he may ask you about the stress or the last period or inclination to pregnancy and other questions. Depending on your description and symptoms, your doctor will prescribe the relevant tests. but how to treat hormonal imbalance using the test results?
Tests may include blood tests, urine or stool tests, and so on. Usually the most common is blood test in which a sample of your blood is sent to the lab. Most hormones are detectable in the blood. The levels of thyroid, estrogen, testosterone and cortisol can be evaluated in blood tests. Talk with your doctor about the details of the tests and the steps you should take before or avoid them.
For women, one of the most important points to be taken into account before testing hormones is the time to check these hormones. Doctors recommend that in women under 40 years of age, who usually have a 28-day cycle, it is better to test hormones in about 21 days of their cycle. Note that the last day of your menstrual period is the first day of your cycle.
If a woman has longer cycles, it is better to test hormones within 7-10 days before the date of her cycle. Examination of the female progesterone level is better in the mid-luteal phase. If a woman does not have a regular cycle, the test can be done at any time.
7. How to treat hormonal imbalance for pregnancy
Hormonal imbalance is one of the common causes of infertility. Hormone imbalance in women usually causes ovulation disorder.
This problem in men usually disrupts sperm production. Women who intend to become pregnant should be healthy enough to carry the baby.
There are natural ways to balance hormones and strengthen pregnancy without the help of pregnancy medications.
A diet for weight loss is opposed to the pregnancy. However, high fat also prevents your ability to become pregnant. Our body needs a variety of healthy fats to keep the hormones balanced.
Pregnancy is difficult for women who have high trans-fat. Avoid consuming fried foods, margarine and special types of chips and crackers. Use saturated fats and cholesterol in foods like tuna and salmon.
A pregnancy diet should have 300 calories per day. Other sources of essential fatty acids include fatty fish, coconut oil, avocado, and peanut butter. Healthy fats reduce the level of inflammation, so improve metabolism.
Also, eat more foods that contain omega-3s and reduce omega-6 fatty foods because they have inflammation. The foods that are rich in omega-3s include wild fish and salty fish, flaxseed, walnuts, and non-mercury-free fish oil supplements.
Other options to improve fertility include the use of vitamin D3. One of the most important properties of this vitamin is the regulation of insulin.
Disruption of the insulin system prevents fertility. You can fix this by applying just 20 minutes a day exposed to sunlight or using vitamin D3 supplements.
Having enough sleep also helps regulate reproductive hormones such as progesterone, estrogen. Leptin is one of the most important fertility hormones that directly affect ovulation. At least 7-10 hours of sleep at night is necessary.
Exercise is also effective in boosting fertility. You have to exercise regularly to increase your fertility. Because it reduces the level of insulin and the amount of depression and, as a result, makes hormones more balanced.
8. How to treat hormonal imbalance in menstruation
Common causes of hormonal imbalance that can affect menstruation are Diabetes, appetite disorder, tumors, thyroid problems, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and some medications.
One of the causes of irregular menstrual periods is the hormonal imbalance. Usually, when the interval between two menstruations is less than 24 days or more than 38 days, the menstruation is irregular. If the interval between the first day of your last cycle and the first day of the next cycle is less than 24 days or more than 38 days, the menstruation is irregular. Also, if the period is changed for more than 20 days per month, the menstruation is irregular.
Lifestyle change is a good solutions to irregular menstrual problems. For example, weight loss is beneficial for people with PCOS. It has usually been proven that 10 percent reduction for overweight people helps to regulate menstruation. It also helps regulate insulin and levels of hormones. A healthy diet is also helpful. Some medications and supplements also help regulate hormones. Talk to your doctor about this.
It is good if you notice signs of hormonal imbalance and irregular periods and refer to your doctor. They can check your hormone levels by doing appropriate tests or procedures. One of these methods is hormone therapy, which is often prescribed for regulating menstrual periods. Due to this method, your doctor will give you appropriate treatment according to your condition.
9. Hormonal problems and hair loss
One of the most important reasons for hair loss is hormonal imbalance. The main cause of hair loss in both men and women is dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is derived from the testosterone male hormone.
Testosterone is a hormone that exists in the body of both men and women. In the body of men, testosterone levels are higher than estrogen hormones. In women, this ratio is the opposite, and the level of testosterone is lower while estrogen is higher.
Testosterone is used in your body as a precursor for other hormones. One of these hormones is DHT. DHT reduces hair follicles by stopping hair growth and ultimately causing hair loss.
The results of hormonal hair loss in women are different from men. Women with hormonal hair loss usually have a thin, uniform pattern throughout the scalp. Women with hormonal hair loss usually don’t lose their hairline, but the hair will become very thin.
It should be noted that androgenic alopecia is treatable. Spironolactone can be used to treat it which is an anti-angiogenic agent that reduces the amount of testosterone produced in the body of women. By doing so, the level of DHT in the scalp decreases.
Saw Palmetto also reduces the level of testosterone and reduces DHT in hair follicles and thus prevents hair thinning. These drugs are hormonal and it is advisable to consult a doctor before using the medicines.
10. Hormonal problems and acne
The oscillations in your hormones usually lead to acne. Hormonal acne may occur at any age even in adulthood. This problem is more common in women due to reasons such as menstruation, menopause, PCOS, or increased levels of androgen. In menopause, hormonal acne may also occur due to decreased estrogen levels or increased levels of androgen hormones.
During puberty, acne usually occurs in the forehead, nose and chin. Adult acne is usually low in species and in the range of jawline.
Over-the-counter products (OTCs) are commonly used in the treatment of mild acne. But since acne is usually deep and subcutaneous, topical drugs are not effective. Oral medications have a deeper effect.
You can use retinoids if you have mild hormonal acne. This medicine is extracted from Vitamin A. There are many retinoid lotions, creams, gels and lotions. But when using this drug, you should use sunscreens because it increases the risk of sunburn.
Also, for the treatment of moderate acne, some antibiotics such as tetracycline, minocycline, erythromycin and doxycycline can be used. Talk to your doctor about how to use anti-acne medications to keep your skin healthy.
Some natural treatments can also help improve acne. Also, some dietary foods help improve hormonal acne. High-antioxidant foods and the use of green tea can help reduce inflammation.
Citrus fruits are beneficial for reducing acne scars Because of alpha-hydroxy acid. Omega-3 fatty acids also reduce inflammation of the skin. It is better to limit the use of sugars, dairy products, carbohydrates like macaroni, white bread and red meat.
Many of the body’s processes depend on hormones. There are many symptoms that indicate an imbalance of hormones. It also causes various problems in the body.
In this article, we highlighted the causes and symptoms of hormone imbalance and also how to treat hormonal imbalance in females.
Considering the age, gender and other factors, you can improve the balance of hormones. The best way to improve hormonal balance is to use healthy eating, exercise and lifestyle improvements.